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Basal Ganglia, Limbic System, Thalamus

Basal Ganglia, Limbic System, Thalamus - • Oval structure...

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Basal Ganglia: A cluster of nuclei below cerebral cortex consisting of corpus striatum, substantia nigra, and other substances Connected to cerebral cortex, thalamus, and hypothalamus Important control center for muscular movements Limbic system: Wishbone-shaped group of structures that encircles the brain stem Consists of cingulated gyri, hippocampus, dentate gyrus, amygdale, and others Functions in memory and emotions Thalamus: Main integrating station for sensory information transfer to the cerebral cortex
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Unformatted text preview: • Oval structure above the midbrain and constitutes major part of the diencephalon • Principal relay (synapse) stations for almost all sensory signals from spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum to cerebral cortex • Relays motor impulses from cerebral cortex to spinal cord Hypothalamus: • Small portion of the diencephalon located below the thalamus • “Head ganglion: of the autonomic nervous system: controls and integrates the ANS • Regulates pituitary gland...
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