Jan 21 Disability and Disabling Conditions 1.pptx - KPER 3100 Inclusive Physical Activity and Leisure Disability and Disabling Conditions 1 \u2022 Explain

Jan 21 Disability and Disabling Conditions 1.pptx - KPER...

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Disability and Disabling Conditions 1 KPER 3100 Inclusive Physical Activity and Leisure
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Explain and compare the main ideas of understanding (dis)ability from the medical and social perspectives Identify and articulate the pros and cons of understanding (dis)ability from a certain model Define the meanings of (dis)ability with one’s own defensible rationale
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Being Rejected
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MEDICAL MODEL OF DISABILITY perceives disability as an individual problem, restriction, or a lack of ability due to a defect in or failure of one’s body
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MEDICAL MODEL OF DISABILITY “Any restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being” (WHO, 1980)
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MEDICAL MODEL OF DISABILITY Disability as a result of one’s medical and/or physical condition Anatomical, physiological, functional, psychological, and/or developmental departure from “normal” that need to be fixed or cured
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MEDICAL MODEL OF DISABILITY “Defined with reference to biological properties and perceived as ’medical cases’ who are ill, not ‘able-bodied,’ and therefore are incapacitated and incapable of participating fully in life.” “Often been depersonalized, institutionalized, and hidden away from society” Textbook p. 305
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MEDICAL MODEL OF DISABILITY Causes disadvantages to the individual’s way of life Reduces the individual's quality of life
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MEDICAL MODEL OF DISABILITY The reliance on trained professionals (e.g., experts, specialists) to diagnose and treat medical conditions Fixing, curing, or managing medical conditions mostly or completely by identifying the medical conditions from the medical examination
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MEDICAL MODEL OF DISABILITY Profession's knowledge and responsibility is most important Identifying “disabilities” and learning to control and/or alter them is goals for training pre-service practitioners
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MEDICAL MODEL OF DISABILITY Adapted Physical Activity practices: Fully embedded in the desire to “fix disabilities,” with the belief that these “fixes” through appropriate “adaptations” provide the best (most effective and efficient) way for functioning and independence among people with medical conditions
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MEDICAL MODEL OF DISABILITY (Summary)
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  • Fall '19
  • jay johnson

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