Adaptation Strategies 2 KPER 3100 Inclusive Physical Activity and Leisure
• Define and explain the concept of social inclusion (in a way that how it is different from traditional understandings of inclusion [e.g., mainstreaming/integration, normalization) • Discuss the physical, psychological, social/cultural, and socio- environmental causes and consequences of disability constructions • Apply a holistic approach toward thinking about disability in culture that demonstrates an understanding of inclusive recreation and leisure experiences, as well as reduces diverse barriers to participation
• Choice and voice (self-determination, empowerment) • Ability and strengths • Personal preferences, interests, goals, needs, and aspirations • Previous experiences • Meaningfulness • Acceptance (own & from others) • Being and feeling welcomed • Having sense of beloning, sense of community • Safety (physical, emotional, spiritual, social/cultural) Inclusion (Appropriate support system, based on readiness and choices)
‘Picking Teams’ When we pick teams in the playground, Whatever the game may be, There’s always somebody left till last And usually it’s me. I stand there looking hopeful And tapping myself on the chest, But the captains pick the others first, Starting, of course, with the best. Maybe if teams were sometimes picked Starting with the worst, Once in his life a child like me Could end up being first!! Hayes & Stidder, 2003, p. vii originally in A. Ahlberg (1983) Please Mrs Butler
Is this a social inclusion? • Wrestling match: Intentional losing • “Not to play necessarily, just to let him feel what it’s like to wear jersey.” • Basketball game: Ball passed from the opponent
Is this a social inclusion? “Let’s go Matt, let’s go!”
It should be a placement- focused integration approach that promotes equal opportunities for all Class Activity I: What is Social Inclusion?