Functional Groups

Functional Groups - note that in condensed structural...

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Functional Groups functional group : an atom, or group of atoms (with specific connectivity), exhibiting identical chemical reactivity regardless of the molecule containing it; the reactivity of individual functional groups dictates the reactivity of the molecule of which they are a part divide organic compounds into classes sites of characteristic chemical reactions serve as basis for naming organic compounds A. Alkanes contain only carbon-carbon and carbon-hydrogen single bonds B. Alkenes contain a carbon-carbon double bond C. Alkynes contain a carbon-carbon triple bond
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2 D. Arenes contain a benzene group E. Alcohols contain an –OH (“hydroxyl”) group bonded to a tetrahedral carbon atom F. Ethers contain an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atom groups by single bonds
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3 G. Amines contain an “amino” group – a N atom bonded to 1, 2, or 3 carbon atom groups by single bonds H. Aldehydes and Ketones contain a C=O (“carbonyl”) group
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Unformatted text preview: note that in condensed structural formulas, the aldehyde group may be written as CH=O or as CHO I. Carboxylic Acids contain a carboxylic acid group a carbonyl (C=O) group bonded to a hydroxyl group at the carbonyl carbon atom note that in condensed structural formulas, the carboxylic acid group may be written as COOH 4 J. Carboxylic Amides (Amides) contain an amide group a carboxylic acid (-COOH) group where the -OH group is replaced with an amine K. Carboxylic Esters (Esters) contain an ester group a carboxylic acid (-COOH) group where the H atom is replaced with a carbon containing group L. Carboxylic Anhydrides (Anhydrides) contain an anhydride group an oxygen atom bonded to two C=O (carbonyl) groups M. Nitriles contain a cyano group (C N) bonded to a carbon atom group (i.e., at the carbon atom of the cyano group)...
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Functional Groups - note that in condensed structural...

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