ch 10-14 notes

ch 10-14 notes -...

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Chapter 10  Emotional and Social Development in Middle  Childhood 19:02 Erickson’s Theory -Industry vs Inferiority: expectations parents put on their kids. When the child can  meet those goals then they will feel they have the competence and confidence  that they can get those things done. VS placing heavy goals on a child. Child will  feel inferiority that they can’t achieve these goals.  -Adult expectation and child’s drive lead this stage Self understanding and self esteem -self concept refined during middle childhood. Internal states get expanded into  general statements. Broader explanation of themselves -Emphasizes competence in activities. -Social comparisons more prevalent. -Structure of self esteem: hierarchy of self esteem (4 areas). Academic  competence, social competence, physical/athletic competence, physical  appearance.  -Rise and fall of self esteem based on what their parents say and comparisons to  their peers Influences on self esteem -Child rearing style: Authoritative produces accurate high levels of self esteem.  -Attributions: Mastery oriented: focused on ability and effort. Learned  helplessness: focused on luck with their success. Attribute their failure with them  not having the ability.  Emotional Development -Able to explain emotions referring to internal states. Can experience mixed  emotions. Self regulation. -Problem focused coping:  Child will deal with the problem and try to fix it. Better  emotional regulation  -Emotion focused coping: Child get emotionally upset with problems  -Moral development: Distributive justice  Based on strict equality (ages 5-6).  Age 7 this involves merit now. Equity and benevolence (ages 8-9) doing  something good for someone. Individual rights  want to have their own say. 
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Influence of Peers -Groups start to develop. They are based on proximity, similarities with gender,  ethnicity, popularity, and academic achievement. Have a culture associated with  them. Sense of leadership, cooperation, and belongingness. Exclude people from  peer groups. -Friendships: become more complex, trust becomes a defining feature. Close in  age, same SES, sex, race, popularity, academic achievement.  -Acceptance: 4 classifications. Popular kids, rejected kids: unhappy, poorly  achieving, lower levels of self esteem, controversial kids, neglected kids: find their  knitch later and end up being fine. 66% fall neatly into those categories.  -Popular-prosocial: Well rounded, good kids, sports -Popular-antisocial: Bad kids -Rejected-aggressive: Bullies -Rejected-withdrawn: Socially awkward, academically gifted    
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Chapter 11  Physical development adolescents (12-18)
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ch 10-14 notes -...

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