history final

History final - Whole Course Questions 1 Discuss the role of geography in this course How has geography played a role in the development or decline

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Whole Course Questions 1. Discuss the role of geography in this course. How has geography played a role in the development or decline of nations and empires? Geography has played a key role in the development of nations and empires. For the early civilizations, the key to success and longevity was to establish their cities based on waters. As time progressed, the focus of being near waters shifted towards controlling more land to sustain a nation's/empire's population. Greece -Mountains with isolated valleys -Blocks off Persians at Battle Thermopylae -Little farm land -Irregular coastline allows for ports -Islands in Aegean Sea -Scattered independent settlements -Seafaring is necessary An example of a successful early civilization was the Greek city states. Due to their geographic location, they needed to rely on their ports to maintain a stable population. The Greek city states resides in mountains with isolated valleys. Because they were so isolated, it allowed the formation of very distinct city state identities. This gave rise to ideals like Athenian democracy and Spartan militarism. Due to the mountainous terrain, there was little land available for farming. The jagged coastlines were essential for building ports, and the key to their survival. France -large amounts of land, -crop rotation - The importance of the coastline becomes less important than the quantity of land in the Middle Ages. With France, they had enough land for agriculture to sustain its population. This transition from the coastline was a result of the discovery of crop rotation. A single person could not control all of the land, and so the king had to divide his lands to his nobles, thus allowing the formation of duchies and counties. This marked the beginnings of feudalism and manorialism. Though each noble controlled
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2011 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Popiel during the Fall '08 term at Saint Louis.

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History final - Whole Course Questions 1 Discuss the role of geography in this course How has geography played a role in the development or decline

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