ethics RQ8 - Jason Lim Ethics Reading Questions #8 1. The...

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Unformatted text preview: Jason Lim Ethics Reading Questions #8 1. The two parts of the principle of utility are maximizing value and intrinsic value. With these two parts, actions are deemed morally right if they give the greatest possible pleasures overall. 2. G.E. Moore's critique on Mill's utility proof focused on ambiguity. Utilitarians find good through what is desirable, and the only way to find out what is desirable is to seek what is really desired. This is a problem in itself because people then would not know where to start in order to find good. Moore would eventually adopt a form of utilitarianism, but noted that hedonism's reducing of good to pleasure was a bad step. He believed that there were some things that had value that did not fit into the pleasure balance scale. Things like beauty have value regardless of what kind of pleasure results from it. 3. Sidgwick's critique of Mill's utilitarianism was the vagueness of maximizing the good. The principle does not say how to go about doing so, and Sidgwick raises the question of where to promote the maximum...
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