L14-L15_Socio-cultural and Environmental Impacts of Tourism & Sustainable Tourism

L14-L15_Socio-cultural and Environmental Impacts of Tourism & Sustainable Tourism

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+ Lecture 14-15 Socio-cultural & Environmental Impacts of Tourism Sustainable Tourism THM1311 Introduction to Tourism and Hospitality
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+ Chapter 2 Tourism Impacts on Society, Culture, and Environment Chapter Objectives 1. To understand social and cultural impacts of tourism 2. To understand environmental impacts of tourism 3. To understand principles of sustainable development 2
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+ Socio-Cultural Impacts of Tourism The relationship between tourists and the “host” community Social relations between people who would not normally meet The confrontation of different cultures, ethnic, and religious groups, values and lifestyle The behavior of people released from many social and economic constraints of everyday life (tourist) The behavior of the host population, which has to reconcile economic gain and benefits with the costs of living with strangers (host) 3
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+ Socio-Cultural Impacts of Tourism The degree of conflict depends on the similarity in standards of living number of visitors the degree to which visitors adapt to local norms The social and cultural impacts can be both positive and negative 4
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+ Positive Socio-Cultural Impact of Tourism Tourism as a force for peace facilitating mutual understanding Revaluating cultures and traditions e.g., festivals and craftsmanship Facilities developed for tourism can benefit residents Strengthening communities Encouraging civic involvement and pride 5
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+ Negative Socio-Cultural Impact of Tourism Change or loss of indigenous identity and values Commodification Standardization Loss of authenticity and staged authenticity Adaptation to tourist demands Cultural clashes Economic inequality Irritation due to tourist behavior Job level friction 6 Source: United Nation Environment Programme
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