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THM 1113 Theories of Play with Definitions-1

THM 1113 Theories of Play with Definitions-1 - other...

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Theories of Play 1. Physiological Theories of Play (Classical Theories of Play) (Latter Half of the 19 th Century) a. Surplus Energy – play to burn excess energy b. Instinct Practice (Preparation for Life) play to prepare for adult life, play is an inner drive, an inner urge c. Recapitulation – play to repeat the play of our ancestors d. Relaxation – play to relax muscles e. Recreation – play to restore energy 2. Psychological Theories of Play Latter Half of the 19 th Century and Early 20 th Century) a. Catharsis – play to relieve pent-up emotions and hostile feelings b. Self-Expression – play to express ourselves in creative ways c. Compensation – play to compensate for what is lacking in
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Unformatted text preview: other settings d. Psychoanalytic Theory – play to reduce the seriousness of a situation 3. Sociological Theories of Play (Early Part of the 20 th Century) a. Developmentalism – play is a part of every stage of life b. Learning (Behavior) – play to repeat a pleasant experience c. Cultural Determinism – culture shapes play; play as a reflector of values in a society 4. Contemporary Theories of Play (Since 1950) a. Arousal Seeking – play for novelty, thrill, and excitement b. Competence/Effectance – play to demonstrate competencies, play makes a difference in things...
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