Influences on Childhood Development

Influences on Childhood Development - Childhood Development...

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Childhood Development 1 Influences on Childhood Development Henry Scott PSY 304: Lifespan Development Instructor: Giselle Gourrier March 28, 2011
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Childhood Development 2 It is very important that children mature to their fullest potential. While this is important it is also important to recognize that many children do not develop normally because of various reasons. This essay will take a brief look at some of the physical, emotional, personality, and cognitive changes that endure. The effects that family structure and parenting styles, and current health status can have on childhood development will also be looked at. Areas of success and improvements that can be made and ways that the physical, social, emotional and cognitive development of children can be nurtured will also be looked at. The subject of childhood development is o that deserves more attention than it gets. It is a very large area to cover and so much improvement needs to be done by parents, and professionals. As a child gets older his or her body experiences a number of changes. “During middle and late childhood, children’s bones broaden and lengthen dramatically. In general children will grow an average of 2 ½ -3 inches taller each year throughout the period” (Oswalt 2010).This growth does not come without some pain. About 25% and 40% of children between the ages of 8 and 12, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics complain about pains in their arms and legs. This is the result of the bones expanding that outpaces the growth of surrounding muscles and tendons. Children are now beginning to get their permanent adult teeth getting rid of those baby teeth. Young boys and girls are building body muscles. They gain between 5 and 7 pounds a year (Santrock 2011). The weight gain is due mainly to the increases in the size of the sketletal and muscular systems as well as the size of some body organs (Santrock 2011). Girls tend to retain more fatty tissue than boys in preparation for puberty. As a result, during this age stage, girls will
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Childhood Development 3 often look rounder and softer than boys. Males gain muscle while girls gain breast and hip size.
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Influences on Childhood Development - Childhood Development...

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