Human Development 1 - Human Development 1 Lifespan...

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Human Development 1 Lifespan Perspective on Human Development Henry Scott PSY 304: Lifespan Development Instructor: Giselle Gourrier April 17, 2011
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Human Development 2 Development is a patter n of change that begins after conception and continues throughout the life span of an individual. Growth is a very important part of this development. Lifespan development is a lifelong experience. We will take a look at the biological, cognitive and socio- emotional changes that influence an individual’s development. We will also take a look at the periods and stages of human development, the major domains of human development, the primary theories involved with human development, the influences of family structures, culture, and environment on human development, and what key findings have led to our understanding of the processes involved with human development. The life span perspective is considered to be lifelong (meaning that early adulthood is not final), multidimensional (development consist of cognitive, biological and socioemotional), multidirectional (some dimensions or components of dimension expand and others shrink), plastic (having the capacity for change), multidisciplinary (how heredity and health limit ones intelligence, how do families and schools influence intellectual development), and contextual (development within the context of families, schools, peer group, churches, cities, neighborhoods, countries and etc.) (Goodnow 2010).This includes growth, maintenance, and regulation. Let’s look at the multidimensional nature of human development. As aforementioned, multidimensional consist of biological, cognitive, and socioemotional dimensions. There are many components within a dimension; some of these are attention, memory, abstract thinking, and speed of processing information, social intelligence, and nonverbal intelligence. These are just a few components the cognitive dimension. (Santrock 2011).
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Human Development 3 The multidimensional nature of a child’s development should include programs that include health, early stimulation, and water and sanitation services. The psychosocial as well as the physical needs of a child should be very important. The cognitive, social, physical and emotional dimensions of a child all work together to bring about full development. The child’s relationship with parents, siblings, and other relatives, his or her physical surroundings, and their needs being taken care of can have a serious effect on their development. Cognitive development refers to the ability to think and to mentally represent events and to manipulate symbols. One of the concerns of Jean Piaget in his study of the thinking of children was the way children organizes information that is obtained from their environment and how well they adapt top it. He concluded that every behavioral act needs two processes of adaptation, assimilation (acquiring new information about the world and fitting using it with information already acquired), and accommodation (creating a new concept to handle new information). Piaget proposed four stages of development in early to late childhood. They are as follow, the
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2011 for the course APPLIED BE PSy 304 taught by Professor Gourrier during the Spring '11 term at Ashford University.

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Human Development 1 - Human Development 1 Lifespan...

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