ch03_lecture - Carbon Compounds I n Cells Chapter 3...

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Unformatted text preview: Carbon Compounds I n Cells Chapter 3 Producers Capture Carbon * Using photosynthesis, plants and other producers turn carbon dioxide and water into carbon-based compounds Functional Groups * • Atoms or clusters of atoms that are covalently bonded to carbon backbone • Give organic compounds their different properties Examples of Functional Groups * Hydroxyl group - OH Amino group- NH 3 + Carboxyl group- COOH Phosphate group- PO 3- Sulfhydryl group- SH Condensation Reactions * • Form polymers from subunits • Enzymes remove -OH from one molecule, H from another, form bond between two molecules • Discarded atoms can join to form water Hydrolysis * • A type of cleavage reaction • Breaks polymers into smaller units • Enzymes split molecules into two or more parts • An -OH group and an H atom derived from water are attached at exposed sites Carbohydrates * Monosaccharides (simple sugars) Oligosaccharides (short-chain carbohydrates) Polysaccharides (complex carbohydrates) Monosaccharides *...
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ch03_lecture - Carbon Compounds I n Cells Chapter 3...

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