Lecture 11-State,politics and Government,Health and illness

Lecture 11-State,politics and Government,Health and illness...

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Lecture-11-State, politics and Government, Health and illness Political System - A social institution founded on a recognized set of procedures for implementing and achieving society’s goals. It is also a cultural universal. Political system addresses social policy issues Politics involves struggle for power and exercise of authority Power and Authority- Power is the ability to exercise ones will over others (Weber) Sources of power-Force, Influence and authority Types of Authority- Authority- Institutionalized power is recognized by the people over whom it is exercised Weber developed a classification of legitimate authority 1. Traditional (Power is conferred by custom) 2. Legal-rational (Power is made legitimate by law) 3. Charismatic (Power is made legitimate by persons personal and emotional characteristics
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Health and Illness - Culture-bound syndrome-Disease or illness cannot be understood apart from its social context Health and culture are interlinked e.g.-anorexia nervosa is best understood in the
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Unformatted text preview: context of western culture. Functionalist Approach on Health-• Parsons is the founder of sociology of medicine\Health • Illness\Disease should be controlled for maintenance of society • Persons considered to be sick assume Sick Role • Doctors are Gatekeepers • Doctor-patient relationship is like the one between parent and child Conflict Approach on Health-• Medicalization of society-dominance of medicine in human society • Glaring inequality exist in health care delivery • Brain drain affects poor countries Interactionist Approach on Health-• Patients, Doctors and nurses are engaged in a symbolic interaction • Patients actively seek health care • They go for self-medication or diagnosis Social Epidemiology-• Social Epidemiology-Distribution of disease, illnesses across a population • Factors affecting mortality and morbidity\Health i. Income ii. Social Class iii. Race & ethnicity iv. Gender v. Age etc...
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Lecture 11-State,politics and Government,Health and illness...

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