lec 32 - History of Horticulture: Lecture 32 1 Lecture 32...

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Unformatted text preview: History of Horticulture: Lecture 32 1 Lecture 32 Lecture 32 Agricultural Scientific Revolution: Mechanical An enormous number of mechanical advances are inherent in the development of agriculture. In addition, the power driving these mechanical advances have shifted from humans, to animals, to water, to steam, and to oil-derived fuels. Two primitive Egyptian hoes form the Middle Kingdom Soil preparation by hoeing; from a Tomb at Ti at Saqqara, ca. 2400 BCE Development of Hand Weeders Wielding primitive hoes, a couple cultivates its fields in the rain. Another farmer sits before a fire and keeps a sharp eye out for crop robbers. January History of Horticulture: Lecture 32 2 In a symbolic ceremony, the Inca emperor and noblemen turn over the first earth in a sacred field, while three women bow and the empress offers corn beer August Plowing and hoeing; from a tomb at Beni Hasan, ca. 1900 BCE Note that the plow is essentially a large hoe dragged through the soil Egyptian Plows The symbol above the plow is the ancient pictorial word symbol for the plow Two handled Egyptian plow History of Horticulture: Lecture 32 3 Plow from Assyrian bas- relief , 670 BCE. Note the funnel which allowed seed to be added the furrow during plowing Babylonian scratch plow with seed drill Mesopotamian Plows Cretan plow Scratch plow, a sharp pointed hard-wood pulled by oxen A = draught pole, B = draught beam, C = stock, D = stilt, E = handle Greek Plows Light plow with mould-board from an English 14 th century bible. Note the donkey in the plow team of oxen Medieval Plows History of Horticulture: Lecture 32 4 Woodcut of an early English heavy plow withmould-board from the 14 th century De Limbourg Brothers: The Month of March (detail) from Les Trs Riches Heures du Duc de Berry Plough with iron ploughshare and coulter, in a 14 th Century Flemish miniature Farming in France, 1735 Plowing, broadcast sowing by hand, and harrowing in the seed History of Horticulture: Lecture 32 5 Symmetrical wooden plough with an iron ploughshare in use in 1787 Ilj Repin:...
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2011 for the course HORT 306 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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lec 32 - History of Horticulture: Lecture 32 1 Lecture 32...

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