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lec 32 - History of Horticulture Lecture 32 Lecture 32...

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History of Horticulture: Lecture 32 1 Lecture 32 Lecture 32 Agricultural Scientific Revolution: Mechanical An enormous number of mechanical advances are inherent in the development of agriculture. In addition, the power driving these mechanical advances have shifted from humans, to animals, to water, to steam, and to oil-derived fuels. Two primitive Egyptian hoes form the Middle Kingdom Soil preparation by hoeing; from a Tomb at Ti at Saqqara, ca. 2400 BCE Development of Hand Weeders Wielding primitive hoes, a couple cultivates its fields in the rain. Another farmer sits before a fire and keeps a sharp eye out for crop robbers. January
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History of Horticulture: Lecture 32 2 In a symbolic ceremony, the Inca emperor and noblemen turn over the first earth in a sacred field, while three women bow and the empress offers corn beer August Plowing and hoeing; from a tomb at Beni Hasan, ca. 1900 BCE Note that the plow is essentially a large hoe dragged through the soil Egyptian Plows The symbol above the plow is the ancient pictorial word symbol for the plow Two handled Egyptian plow
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