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lec 26 - History of Horticulture Lecture 26 Lectures 2627...

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History of Horticulture: Lecture 26 1 Lectures 26 Lectures 26– 27 Spices and History Spices: aromatic and pungent products of tropical plants, properties based on essential oils which are oily benzene or terpene derivatives, vaporizing and flammable Herbs: small temperate plants used for aromatic constituents Incenses: plant substances that release fragrances when burned 1. Magical rites and spells 2. Purification ceremonies and embalming 3. Fragrances and perfumes 4. Flavoring and condiments 5. Food Preservation 6. Curatives, aphrodisiacs, vermafuges 7. Poisons Spices in Antiquity In the 12 th century BCE King Rameses III had a special building constructed near Thebes to store incense for the worship of Amon. Measuring Heaps of Incense
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History of Horticulture: Lecture 26 2 Grecian priestess making aromatic offerings Primitive incense offering Body eviscerated and filled with aromatics (anise, cumin, sweet marjoram, myrrh, and cassia) Sewn up and placed in sodium solution for 70 days Wrapped in linen and smeared with gum Embalming Cover of alabaster canopic vase in tomb of Tut-Ankh-Amon. Note lipstick and painted eyes. Organs Stored in Canopic Vases
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