lec 10 - History of Horticulture: Lecture 10 Lectures 1011...

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History of Horticulture: Lecture 10 1 Lectures 10 Lectures 10 –11 11 Biblical and Koranic References to Agricultural Technology Sacred Literature Hebrew Bible 10–1 st century BCE Christian Bible 1 st century CE Koran 6 th century CE 1. Works of Mideastern peoples. 2. Climates vary from Mediterranean to Desert. 3. Works survive from multiple translation: Bibles from Hebrew and Aramaic to Greek to English Koran from Arabic to English. 4. Books have sacred meaning; are not agricultural manuals. Basic Concepts Amos 7:14 I was no prophet, neither was I a prophet’s son, but I was a herdsman and a gatherer of sycamore fruit. The English phrase “gatherer of sycamore fruits” is an “odd” translation of the Hebrew Boless shikmim Shikmim = sycamores = wild figs Boless = obscure , mentioned only once in the Bible The Problem The Hebrew word for gatherer is Ossef The Hebrew word for gash is boless Thus, boless probably means gash, pierce, or wound Artificial Ripening and The Riddle of Amos’ Occupation
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History of Horticulture: Lecture 10 2 Knives used for gashing of sycomore figs in Egypt Bas-relief showing a sycomore tree with gashed fruit. Found at Thebes, Egypt. Gashed Sycomore Fruit from Egypt
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History of Horticulture: Lecture 10 3 ISAIAH 5:1–7, 10 Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill. And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes. And now… judge… betwixt me and my vineyard. What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done it. Selections from the Bible that Refer to Crops and Agricultural Technology Culture Wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes? And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof and it shall be trodden down: And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns. .. For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel. .. PSALMS 128:3
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2011 for the course HORT 306 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University.

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lec 10 - History of Horticulture: Lecture 10 Lectures 1011...

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