lec 5 - History of Horticulture: Lecture 5 Lecture 5...

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History of Horticulture: Lecture 5 1 Lecture 5 Lecture 5 Centers of Origin of Crop Plants The eight Vavilovian Centers of Origin for crop plants I. Chinese Center: The largest independent center which includes the mountainous regions of central and western China, and adjacent lowlands. A total of 136 endemic plants are listed, among which are a few known to us as important crops. OLD WORLD 1. Broomcorn millet, Panicum miliaceum 2. Italian millet, Panicum italicum 3. Japanese barnyard millet, Panicum frumentaceum 4. Kaoliang, Andropogon sorghum 5. Buckwheat, Fagopyrum esculentum 6. Hull-less barley, Hordeum hexastichum 7. Soybean, Glycine hispida 8. Adzuki bean, Phaseolus angularis 9. Velvet bean, Stizolobium hassjoo Cereals and Legumes
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History of Horticulture: Lecture 5 2 1. Chinese yam, Dioscorea batatas 2. Radish, Raphanus sativus 3. Chinese cabbage, Brassica chinensis, B. pekinensis 4. Onion, Allium chinense, A. fistulosum, A. pekinense 5. Cucumber, Cucumis sativus Fruits and Nuts 1. Pear, Pyrus serotina, P. ussuriensis 2. Chinese apple, Malus asiatica 3. Peach, Prunus persica 4. Apricot, Prunus armeniaca 5. Cherry, Prunus pseudocerasus 6. Walnut, Juglans sinensis 7. Litchi, Litchi chinensis Roots, Tubers, and Vegetables 1. Sugarcane, Saccharum sinense 2. Opium poppy, Papaver somniferum 3. Ginseng, Panax ginseng 4. Camphor, Cinnamomum camphora 5. Hemp, Cannabis sativa Sugar, Drug, and Fiber Plants II. Indian Center: This area has two subcenters. A. Main Center (Hindustan): Includes Assam and Burma, but not Northwest India, Punjab, nor Northwest Frontier Provinces. In this area, 117 plants were considered to be endemic.
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History of Horticulture: Lecture 5 3 1. Rice, Oryza sativa 2. Chickpea or gram, Cicer arietinum 3. Pigeon pea, Cajanus indicus 4. Urd bean, Phaseolus mungo 5. Mung bean, Phaseolus aureus 6. Rice bean, Phaseolus calcaratus 7. Cowpea, Vigna sinensis Cereals and Legumes 1. Eggplant, Solanum melongena 2. Cucumber, Cucumis sativus 3. Radish, Raphanus caudatus (pods eaten) 4. Taro, Colocasia antiquorum 5. Yam, Dioscorea alata Vegetables and Tubers Fruits 1. Mango, Mangifera indica 2. Orange, Citrus sinensis 3. Tangerine, Citrus nobilis 4. Citron, Citrus medica 5. Tamarind, Tamarindus indica 1. Sugar cane, Saccharum officinarum 2. Coconut palm, Cocos nucifera 3. Sesame, Sesamum indicum 4. Safflower, Carthamus tinctorius 5. Tree cotton, Gossypium arboreum 6. Oriental cotton, Gossypium nanking 7. Jute, Corchorus capsularis 8. Crotalaria, Crotalaria juncea 9. Kenaf, Hibiscus cannabinus Sugar, Oil, and Fiber Plants
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History of Horticulture: Lecture 5 4 1. Hemp, Cannabis indica 2. Black pepper, Piper nigrum 3. Gum arabic, Acacia arabica 4. Sandalwood, Santalum album 5. Indigo, Indigofera tinctoria 6. Cinnamon tree, Cinnamomum zeylanticum 7. Croton, Croton tiglium
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2011 for the course HORT 306 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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lec 5 - History of Horticulture: Lecture 5 Lecture 5...

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