Lec 17 - Lecture 17 1 Lecture 17 Greek Science Technology and Agriculture The Aegean World and The Rise Of Hellenism There is evidence of

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1 Lecture 17 Greek Science, Technology, and Agriculture The Aegean World and The Rise Of Hellenism There is evidence of civilization appearing in the Bronze age (3200 to 2000 BCE) in mainland Greece and neighboring islands. The period between 2000 and 1600 BCE, known as the Middle Bronze Age, marks the arrival of the fi rst Greek speaking Indo-European populations. By this time a complex urban civilization developed in Crete. By 1600 BCE these is evidence of royal tombs at Mycenae, located in the northeast Peloponnese (the peninsular jutting out from the mainland). The Mycenaean kingdoms developed an ag- riculture including irrigation and the draining of Lake Coapis. Between 1400 and 1300 BCE Mycenaean trade developed in the central and eastern Mediterranean. Between 1200 and 800 BCE, a period known as Greek Middle Ages, Myceneaean culture gave way to the Greek City-States. This is the period known to us from the stories of the Iliad and the Odyssey , epic poems attributed to Homer, that tell the story of the Trojan Wars and Ulysses’return to Ithaca. These stories are part of the oral tradition that probably date from the Mycenaean perod. The time frame between 750 to 450 BCE is known as the era of Hellenism . This was the great period of Greek colonization probably instigated by the shortage of arable land on the Greek mainland. Colonializa- tion extended in the Mediterraean region as far west as Spain (Iberia) and as far east as Northern Boundry of the Black Sea (Fig. 17-1). As a result, some of the most famous Greek Temples that have survived are found outside of the Greek mainland e.g. in Sicily (Agricento), Italy (Paestum) and Turkey (Ephesus and Pergamont). This period coincides with innovations in all fi elds of thought and technology. The culture reached its high point in the fi fth century BCE, a classical period known as the Golden Age of Greece, famil- iar to us through its architecture and magnifi cant art, chiefl y statuary (Fig. 17-2) and mosaics, poetry, and the musings and thoughts of the great Greek philosophers. It was also an era of battles, plagues, famines, intolerance, civil war, and confrontation. Hellenism , is associated with the fl ourishing of the arts and sciences. Greek culture, based on the domination of ideas rather than technology per se, spread throughout the entire Mediterranean basin and had a powerful infl uence on Roman culture. Today Greek and Latin (the language of ancient Rome) are the basis of scientifi c English. The culture of the West is based on a fusion of Greek culture, Babylonian and Fig. 17-1. Greek colonial expansion. Source: The Harpers Atlas of World History.
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2 Lecture 17 Egyptian Science, and Semitic religion. The art is typifi ed
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2011 for the course HORT 306 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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Lec 17 - Lecture 17 1 Lecture 17 Greek Science Technology and Agriculture The Aegean World and The Rise Of Hellenism There is evidence of

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