Chapter 3 - Providing Equal Employment Opportunity and a Safe Workplace

Chapter 3 - Providing Equal Employment Opportunity and a Safe Workplace

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Chapter 3 – Providing Equal Employment Opportunity and a Safe Workplace I. Equal Employment Opportunity a. Constitutional Amendments: i. 13 th Amendment: 1. Abolished slavery a. Covers all individuals b. Enforced by the Court System ii. 14 th Amendment: 1. Forbids the states from taking life, liberty, or property without due process of law and prevents the states from denying equal protection of the laws a. Applied to the protection of whites in reverse discrimination b. Only applies to the decisions or actions of the government b. Legislation: i. Civil Rights Acts of 1866 and 1871: 1. Granted all persons the same property rights as white citizens, as well as the right to enter in and enforce contracts 2. Granted all citizens the right to sue in federal court if they fell they have been deprived of some civil right ii. Equal Pay Act of 1963: 1. If men and women in an organization are doing equal work, the employer must pay them equally a. Skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions define “equal” 2. Only for companies involved in interstate commerce i. Enforced by EEOC iii. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964:
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1. Prohibits employers from discriminating against individuals because of their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin a. Applies to organizations that employ 15 or more persons working 20 or more weeks a year and that are involved in interstate commerce, as well as state and local governments, employment agencies, and labor organizations i. Enforced by EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission) 2. Prohibits retaliation against employees for either “opposing” a perceived illegal employment practice or “participating in a proceeding” related to an alleged illegal employment practice iv. Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) 1. Prohibits discrimination against workers who are over the age of 40 a. Outlaws hiring, firing, setting compensation rates, or other employment decisions based on a person’s age being over 40 b. Applies to the same groups of people as CRA above
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Chapter 3 - Providing Equal Employment Opportunity and a Safe Workplace

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