39Par29to33W11 - Last time: The primum mobile (Paradiso...

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Last time: The primum mobile ( Paradiso 27-29) • Frontier between time and eternity • Between physical and metaphysical worlds • How the metaphysical world (the “mind of God”) contains the physical world • How creation with all its diversities arises from the unique creator • How evil enters a perfectly good creation 1
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Angels. A metaphysical hypothesis • A category of being that is, like us, created (and therefore not God) but unlike us in that they are not weighed down by bodies. • What would that be like? 2
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Angels. A metaphysical hypothesis • The problem of evil – if God is all-powerful and all good, why is there evil? • not a thing, but the absence of a thing (goodness, which God created). Defect, deprivation. • not created, but the result of free choice 3
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Angels. A metaphysical hypothesis • The problem of evil – if God is all-powerful and all good, why is there evil? • not a thing, but the absence of a thing (goodness, which God created). Defect, deprivation. • not created, but the result of free choice • Satan is an angel who sinned 4
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Angels. A metaphysical hypothesis • Satan is an angel who sinned why would he do a thing like that? • The first proud one, the highest of all creatures, who for not awaiting light fell unripe per non aspettar lume, cadde acerbo ( Par 19.46-48) what did he do? • The origin of the fall was the cursèd pride of him whom you saw held down by all the weights of the world (29.55-61) a riconoscer sé da la bontate (29.59) 5
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Angels. A metaphysical hypothesis • What did the other ones do? (29.55-61) Those you see here were modest in acknowledging their origin in the Goodness that had made them capable of seeing so much, and therefore their sight was exalted a riconoscer sé da la bontate (29.59) 6
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Angels. A metaphysical hypothesis • The angels split into good and evil. When ? • right away (“sooner than it takes to count to twenty” Par 29.49-51) 7
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Angels. A metaphysical hypothesis • The angels split into good and evil. When ? • right away (“sooner than it takes to count to twenty”) ( Par 29.49-51) • Or even sooner? 8
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Angels. A metaphysical hypothesis • The angels split into good and evil. When ? • “sooner than it takes to count to twenty” he fell into the substrate of the elements: i.e. into matter, into earth? ( Par 29.49-51) – But the decision itself, the first moment of the fall, when did that happen? 9
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Created in twilight • St. Augustine claimed that the whole drama of the angels’ creation and subsequent division into good and evil is what is really meant by the first lines of Genesis: – And God said, Let there be light. And there was light. And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness. And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night. And there was evening and morning, one day. 10
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39Par29to33W11 - Last time: The primum mobile (Paradiso...

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