03Inf3to4W11 - Inferno 3-4 Rewriting the Aeneid 1 Rewriting...

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Inferno 3-4 Rewriting the Aeneid 1
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Rewriting the Aeneid 1. The simile of the Fowers 2. The Gates of Hell 3. What is damnation? 4. The Neutrals 5. A Virgilian Underworld? 6. The simile of the leaves 7. Limbo 2
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Last time • The Inferno imitates the Aeneid (epic features), but translates it into his own cultural context. • Landscape of canto 1: purely symbolic or allegorical? • Biblical allegory (or typology): a way of reading experience against other models: insistence on historical reality that nonetheless means . 3
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Rewriting the Aeneid “Quali i foretti” ( Inf. 2.127-130) 4
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“purpureus ueluti cum fos succisus aratro” (Aeneid 9.435 ) His neck droops, sinking over a shoulder, limp as a crimson flower cut off by a passing plow, that droops as it dies or frail as poppies, their necks weary, bending their heads when a sudden shower weighs them down ( Aen 9, trans. Fagels) 5
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1. The gate of Hell Inferno 3.1-15 Another problem of reading Bibliographic feature: incipit Architectural : – Roman triumphal arch – Church portal Biblical Prosopopeia A lesson in reading 6
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Bibliographic feature: incipit 7
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Architectural: Roman triumphal arch 8
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Architectural: Church portals Modena: Royal portal (Porta Regia) of the Cathedral (Duomo). “As you proceed from here, bow down your mind with your body” [ Hinc vos pergentes cum corpore fectite mentes ] 9
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Biblical: “I am the door” “ I am the door. By me, if any man enter in, he shall be saved " (John 10:9) • “ Enter ye in at the narrow gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way that leadeth to destruction, and many there are who go in thereat.” (Matthew 7:13) 10
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Aeneid 6.124 noctes atque dies patet atri ianua Ditis Day and night the door of darkest Dis is open 11
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Is the gate talking? Per me si va ne la città dolente, per me si va ne l'etterno dolore, per me si va tra la perduta gente. THROUGH ME THE WAY INTO THE SUFFERING CITY, THROUGH ME THE WAY TO THE ETERNAL PAIN, THROUGH ME THE WAY THAT RUNS AMONG THE LOST. (Mandelbaum) 12
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Is the gate talking? Giustizia mosse il mio alto fattore: fecemi la divina podestate, la somma sapienza e 'l primo amore. JUSTICE URGED ON MY HIGH ARTIFICER; MY MAKER WAS DIVINE AUTHORITY, THE HIGHEST WISDOM, AND THE PRIMAL LOVE. (Mandelbaum) 13
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Is the gate talking? Dinanzi a me non fuor cose create se non etterne, e io etterno duro. Lasciate ogne speranza, voi ch'intrate". BEFORE ME NOTHING BUT ETERNAL THINGS WERE MADE, AND I ENDURE ETERNALLY. ABANDON EVERY HOPE, WHO ENTER HERE. (Mandelbaum) 14
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Per me si va ne la città dolente, per me si va ne l'etterno dolore, per me si va tra la perduta gente. • Could these words really be written there like that, in stone? 15
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03Inf3to4W11 - Inferno 3-4 Rewriting the Aeneid 1 Rewriting...

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