06Inf7to9W11 - Inferno 7-9 A militaristic world (ancient or...

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Inferno 7-9 • A militaristic world (ancient or modern?) • Concupiscience and irascibility. • From Incontinence to Violence • Obstruction at the gates of Dis – Crisis in Virgil’s authority – Furies, Medusa, celestial messenger 1
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Continence/ Incontinence Who’s in control? • Who is Lady Luck? (7.73-96) – A “first” creature. – A minister of goods – analogous to the ministers of light (i.e., angels who move the planetary spheres) 18:15 2
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Incontinence: Concupiscience Irascibility Violence Wrathful and sullen in the river Styx A war zone, a city under siege An impasse and a “hermeneutic” solution A cemetery 3
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Inferno 7.109-130 wrath (and sullenness) • Ira (7.116) • Acedia – accidïoso fummo (7.123) • We came to the foot of a tower (7.130) Giotto, Scrovegni Chapel 4
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City of Dis/Tartarus Aeneas suddenly glances back and beneath a cliff to the left he sees an enormous fortress ringed with triple walls and raging around it all, a blazing flood of lava, Tartarus’ river of fire. Aen. 6.548ff 5
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City of Dis/Tartarus An iron tower looms on high were Tisiphone, crouching with bloody shroud girt up, never sleeping, keeps her watch at the entrance night and day. Groans resound from the depths, the savage crack of the lash, the grating creak of iron, the clank of dragging chains. Aen. 6.548ff Furies atop city of Dis from Giuseppe de Liguoro’s 1911 Film, Inferno 6
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Is this the modern world or the ancient? The Styx (7.100-108) Towers (7.130;8.1-9) Phlegyas (8.19; Aen 6.618-20) The weighted boat (8.2-30; Aen 6.412-416) City of Dis, mosques, moats, gate, kingdom (8.67-90) Necromancy (Erichtho) 9.22-24 Furies & Medusa (9.37-54) Divine intervention 9.79-103 7
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Phlegyas (8.19) : Another ferryman And Phlegyas, most unblest, gives warning to all and with loud voice bears witness amid the gloom. Learn justice being warned, and not to condemn the gods Aen 6.618-20) To avenge [Apollo] grim Megaera holds fast the starving Phlegyas, who lies ever pressed beneath the cavernous rocks Statius, Thebaid 1.712-615 8
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Ira (Wrath) 7.109- • Concupiscience-> Irascibility – Animals are different from plants because they can move. – They move because of desires (also called appetites) – Concupiscience is an appetite for things simply good (food, wealth, comfort, sex) 9
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Irascibility The irascible appetite is the desire for “arduous goods,” i.e. not naturally desirable goods but desired for the sake of other goods. Example:
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2011 for the course ITALIAN 333 taught by Professor Cornish during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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06Inf7to9W11 - Inferno 7-9 A militaristic world (ancient or...

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