07Inf10W11 - Inferno X Heretics 1 What does Dante mean by...

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Inferno X Heretics 1
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What does Dante mean by heresy? • We don’t learn about diversity of belief in the Middle Ages. • We meet a patriotic hero • -- and the father of a good friend 2 Arles: Alycamps
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“O Tosco” Farinata degli Uberti Gustave Doré Great-souled ( magnanimo) and disdainful Inferno 10.22-39 3
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Farinata degli Uberti “the hero that struggles and accomplishes” ( l’eroe che opera e lotta ) “man in full possession and in full consciousness of himself” ( l’uomo in pieno possesso e nella piena coscienza di se stesso) Francesco De Sanctis (1817-1883), History of Italian Literature Andrea del Castagno c. 1450 Fresco transferred to wood, 250 x 154 cm Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence 4
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Farinata: modern man In Farinata modern man appears for the ±rst time on the modern poetic horizon ( In Farinata l’uomo comparisce per la prima volta sul modern oorizzonte poetico [Francesco De Sanctis 1817-1883] 5
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Farinata: older man From an older, nobler age of Florentine history, an older generation (1204-1264) An old, aristocratic family (“chi fuor li maggior tui?) Old guard: Ghibelline. Old feudal ideals. Old patriotism “O Tosco….” Someone Virgil can respect 6
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Iconography: The Man of Sorrows 1420–30 Michele Giambono (Michele Giovanni Bono) (Italian, Venetian, active 1420–62) Tempera and gold on wood Metropolitan Museum 7
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8 Da la cintola in sù, tutto ‘l vedrai Inf 10.33 From the waist up you will see all of him
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Imago Pietatis (Fra Angelico 1420-1429) 9
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Inferno X A cemetery A hero Standing up in tombs Man of Sorrows What is a heretic? Epicurus “who makes the soul die with the body” 10.15 10
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The heretics defned. Who isn’t here? • Muhammed (no Muslims mentioned) • Famous Christian heretics (where are the Cathars, the Albigensians?) • The virtuous pagans 11
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The heretics defned. Who is here? • Epicurus ( che l’anima col corpo morta fanno 10.15 Who make the soul die with the body) • A pope (Anastasius) 11.8 12
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The heretics defned. Similarity between Epicureanism and Photinism • Epicureans, according to Dante’s Virgil, “make the soul die with the body”. • Photinists, according to Thomas Aquinas, believed that Christ was not God but merely a creature, merely a mortal man. • Both: that human beings are incapable oF eternal liFe . 13
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The immortality of the soul: a common denominator • I declare that of all brutish opinions none is more stupid, more base or more pernicious than the belief that there is no other life after this. Dante, Convivio ( The Banquet ) II.viii.8 14
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a common denominator For if we go through the whole corpus of writings produced either by philosophers or by others endowed with wisdom, we ±nd that all agree on this: there is in us something that endures forever. Dante,
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07Inf10W11 - Inferno X Heretics 1 What does Dante mean by...

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