08Inf10to12W11 - Canto X How to square Dantes apparent...

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Canto X • How to square Dante’s apparent admiration for characters with his implicit condemnation of them in the system of Hell he designed. 1
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Canto 10: Why are worthy people in Hell? Ciacco’s warning. Inferno 6.79-87 Farinata e 'l Tegghiaio, che fuor sì degni , 2
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What is the journey through Hell for? A war of “pity” ( Inf 2.5) To call into question everything held most dear. 3
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The river of blood These are not tyrants steeped in blood (like those in canto 12) Or are they? 4
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...that stained the Arbia red. .. Arbia Battle at Montaperti 5 Inf. 10.82-87 Why so cruel ( empio )?. .. Orations in our temple. ..
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6
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Knowing the score • To understand the encounter with Farinata and Cavalcante, we need to know something about history, about what were for them current and local events. 1248 Exile of Guelfs 1250 Emperor Frederick II dies 1251 Guelfs return 1258 Exile of Ghibellines 1260 Battle of Montaperti. Ghibellines return. Exile of Guelfs 1264 Farinata degli Uberti dies 1299 Exile of Corso Donati, “Black” Guelf leader 1300 Easter Date of Dante’s journey 1300 May Pope Boniface sends Cardinal Acquaspart as peacemaker 1300 June 15 - Aug 15 Dante’s term as prior 1300 June 25 Riot. Exile of leaders of Black and White factions, including Guido Cavalcanti 1300 Aug Guido Cavalcanti dies of malaria contracted in exile 7
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What is communication based on? • For them to understand each other, they would have to share some common assumption about the way things currently and eternally are. • Canto 10 is really about what bedrock beliefs are necessary for people to communicate, and about the violent consequences when they do not 8
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Dante’s reduction of heresy: Refusal to believe that there is in us something that endures forever The episode dramatizes the role of faith in human relations, not by imposing adherence to any particular orthodoxy, but by tracing the effects of its absence. 9
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Atheism in an age of faith What seems to be intolerance for individual belief (condemnation of heresy) turns out be an essential and critical examination of a world without any faith whatsoever, an alternative world that existed within the presumptive Christianity of the later Middle Ages 10
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What is the violence of heresy? 11
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2011 for the course ITALIAN 333 taught by Professor Cornish during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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08Inf10to12W11 - Canto X How to square Dantes apparent...

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