lecture11

lecture11 - Perceptual and Cognitive Abilities In the most...

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Perceptual and Cognitive Abilities
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“In the most intelligent races, as among the Parisians, there are a large number of women whose brains are closer in size to those of gorillas than to the most developed male brains. This inferiority is so obvious that no one can contest it for a moment; only its degree is worth discussion.
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All psychologists who have studied the intelligence of women, as well as poets and novelists, recognize today that they represent the most inferior forms of human evolution and that they are closer to children and savages than to an adult, civilized man. They excel in fickleness, inconstancy, absence of thought and logic, and incapacity to reason.
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Without doubt there exist some distinguished women, very superior to the average man, but they are as exceptional as the birth of any monstrosity, as, for example, of a gorilla with two heads; consequently, we may neglect them entirely.” – Gustave LeBon, 1879 Founder of Social Psychology
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1800s-1910s Helen Thompson – 1903 – first scientific investigation of differences between men and women 2. Ability to hit a target 3. Rapidity of finger movement 4. Pain threshold 5. Ability to discriminate between heat and cold.
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Variability hypothesis - 1903 James Cattell Girls are injured more than boys by school life; they take it more seriously, and at certain times and at a certain age are far more subject to harm. It is probably not an exaggeration to say that to the average cost of each girl’s education through high school must be added one unborn child. Edward Thorndyke Review of their writing indicates that they believed women by nature were unsuited to rigorous intellectual endeavor and should be educated for homemaking, childrearing, or for nurturing and noncompetitive professions.
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Leta Hollingworth The fact that variability was measurable, inspired Hollingworth to devise an experiment. Her position at the Clearing House for Mental
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lecture11 - Perceptual and Cognitive Abilities In the most...

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