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2+Bacon+Comte - Francis Bacon Father of Modern Science...

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Francis Bacon Father of Modern Science 1561-1626
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Bacon
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Francis Bacon 1.Empiricist 2.Anti-theory 3.Warned against faulty thinking 4.“Knowledge is Power”
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Bacon’s Empiricism A. Knowledge comes from observations B. Use induction to form conclusions
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Bacon’s Empiricism Knowledge comes from observations Not from logic or logical arguments Not from “innate knowledge”
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Bacon’s Empiricism We cannot study what we cannot observe – cannot study immaterial phenomena
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Observations Theory Inductive Logic
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Inductive Logic Shiny New Hummer Shiny New Mini-Cooper Shiny New Lexus Shiny New BMW All New Cars Are Shiny!
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Inductive Logic OOPS! There goes the theory!
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Inductive Logic OOPS! There goes the theory!
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Theory Observations Deductive Logic
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Deductive Logic All cats have four legs. Mittens is a cat. Mittens has four legs.
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Deductive Logic (Not!)
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Deductive Logic (Not!) All school shooters listen to Marilyn Manson. John listens to Marilyn Manson John is a school shooter.
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Bacon’s Scientific Method Principle of Nature Data Data Data Data
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Bacon Was Anti-Theory No “anticipation of nature” Don’t test hypotheses drawn from theories
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