midterm study guide

midterm study guide - MIDTERM REVIEW CONFUCIANISM...

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MIDTERM REVIEW CONFUCIANISM Confucious or Kung-Fu-Zi “Master Kong” (551-479 B.C .) Social and moral philosopher/Chinese thinker Grew up in a poor family Became the Minister of Justice in his home town only to resign when the State started to going wayward. Confucious serched to serve another worthy ruler but could not find one that would put his own principles and teachings into practice. Confucious decided to become a mentor and share his beliefs with others. He only asked for dried meat for tuition. He was not a good military leader/strategist nor had anyother exceptional talents other than teaching what he practiced which later became known as Confucianism. Confucious believed that society could be improved if human character improved - which depended on education. Confucious Virtues: 1. Wisdom (Knowledge of human character/right and wrong) 2. Righteousness (The moral dispostion to do good) 3. Propiety (Conforming to widely accepted morals/standards in regaurds relationships and ritual) 4. Filial Piety (Obedience and respect toward family) 5. Humaness (The affection for mankind) Wisdom (Knowledge of human character) Knowledge of the legitament demands of the people and the ability to morally act upon them. Believe in Spirits but keep them at a distance. The notion of moral wisdom was added to Confucianism by Mencius later on. 3 Methods of wisdom: 1. Reflection 2. Immitation 3. Experience
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MIDTERM REVIEW Righteousness (The sense of moral duty) The intution toward goodness- treat others fairly The right way to act “What you do not to yourself desire do not do to others” similar to the “golden rule” found in the New Testement over 500 years later. Propiety (Conforming to widely accepted morals/standards in regaurds to relationships and ritual) The way things should be in society and how relationships should be conducted. a. For example, the subject should be loyal to the ruler and the ruler humane to the subject. Appreciation for ritual which makes for a well-conducted society Filial Piety (Obedience and respect for family) Family should be upheld with pride. Honor family and bring respect and reverance. Humaness (Affection for mankind) Aspects: compassion, kindness, respect for others, ability to be non-bias and imparial, trust worthiness, reliability, loyalty, and resoprosity. Humaness is the central thread to Confucious teachings. These virtues embody the “ noble man ” or “ Junzi ”- the ideal man. Human Nature: Confucious believed that humans are innately good. That is, humans are born with the ability to recognize moral examples and dechiper between bad and good, right and wrong. His opinion on human nature is postive and high.
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2011 for the course EALC 110g taught by Professor Hayden during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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midterm study guide - MIDTERM REVIEW CONFUCIANISM...

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