Exam 2 - For decades, organizations have been structured to...

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“For decades, organizations have been structured to reflect mechanistic thought; personnel are organized in hierarchies, operations are discrete, and quality is something to be controlled.” Considering this quote’s paradigm of organizations, discuss how twentieth-century sciences have changed this paradigm and the consequential implications for today’s organizations and organizational leaders. In today’s organizations, a systems approach is a fairly widely used concept. The systems approach was newly developed in the twentieth century and is based on sciences in broader and more practical applications for organizations. This approach permits the use of sciences for solving problems. Business experts are now calling for a holistic and synthesized approach solving problems that exist in organizations. Business leaders are expected to apply an approach to a company that allows them interaction and influence overall areas, so they can function as a whole. By using the systems approach, businesses and business leaders are able to escape mechanistic thought and use solutions that involve the total organization. In the past, business units functioned as smaller departments in a whole organization. For most companies today, each business unit involves aspects of each other. At the center of this approach is where the organization and the environment is either diagnosed, changed, given other instructions, inquired upon, or it is where information, knowledge, and understanding derive. Using the systems approach applies a goal across to many business units within the center of organization. The business units connect and influence each other in the organization. This approach is applied in organizations on a daily basis. It provides a framework and identifies what should be done and measured. It enables executives to synthesize strategies. In some ways, technology makes it possible to use more discretion with business units. Technology is increasingly becoming more complex. Often, only certain employees and their leader have full access to technology. Also, measuring quality is still important; businesses still spend time measuring quality in order to control their products and services, and to achieve an advantage apart from competitors. However, in social systems today, solving problems demands a close relationship between ecology, economics, sociology, and other areas of science. For example, in building modern structures in cities, administrators are finding ways to protect the environment. Overall, the systems approach is appropriate for organizations today. However, there is a problem with differentiation in all many elements of an organization. For example, the systems approach may fit well with marketing, but relating marketing to information technologies may not solve all problems. Often, this can be solved by building goals for organizations as a whole; this may not always be helpful since often times, there may not actually be a problem. Also,
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2011 for the course MANAGEMENT PMP 575 taught by Professor Mr.go during the Spring '11 term at Robert Morris DUPLICATE.

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Exam 2 - For decades, organizations have been structured to...

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