“For decades, organizations have been structured to reflect mechanistic thought; personnel are organized
in hierarchies, operations are discrete, and quality is something to be controlled.” Considering this quote’s
paradigm of organizations, discuss how twentieth-century sciences have changed this paradigm and the
consequential implications for today’s organizations and organizational leaders.
In today’s organizations, a systems approach is a fairly widely used concept. The systems
approach was newly developed in the twentieth century and is based on sciences in broader and
more practical applications for organizations. This approach permits the use of sciences for
solving problems. Business experts are now calling for a holistic and synthesized approach
solving problems that exist in organizations. Business leaders are expected to apply an approach
to a company that allows them interaction and influence overall areas, so they can function as a
whole. By using the systems approach, businesses and business leaders are able to escape
mechanistic thought and use solutions that involve the total organization.
In the past, business units functioned as smaller departments in a whole organization. For
most companies today, each business unit involves aspects of each other. At the center of this
approach is where the organization and the environment is either diagnosed, changed, given
other instructions, inquired upon, or it is where information, knowledge, and understanding
derive. Using the systems approach applies a goal across to many business units within the center
of organization. The business units connect and influence each other in the organization. This
approach is applied in organizations on a daily basis. It provides a framework and identifies what
should be done and measured. It enables executives to synthesize strategies.
In some ways, technology makes it possible to use more discretion with business units.
Technology is increasingly becoming more complex. Often, only certain employees and their
leader have full access to technology. Also, measuring quality is still important; businesses still
spend time measuring quality in order to control their products and services, and to achieve an
advantage apart from competitors. However, in social systems today, solving problems demands
a close relationship between ecology, economics, sociology, and other areas of science. For
example, in building modern structures in cities, administrators are finding ways to protect the
Overall, the systems approach is appropriate for organizations today. However, there is a
problem with differentiation in all many elements of an organization. For example, the systems
approach may fit well with marketing, but relating marketing to information technologies may
not solve all problems. Often, this can be solved by building goals for organizations as a whole;
this may not always be helpful since often times, there may not actually be a problem. Also,