POL STUDY GUIDE - Chapter 1 Realism vs idealism Ideologies...

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Chapter 1: Realism vs idealism Ideologies vs theories o masses vs elite audiences, o ideologue, o Main difference between left and right on equality o Classical liberalism vs classical conservatism on individual vs group, o Contemporary American left and right (differences and common basis) o modern ideologies (communism, democratic socialism, classical liberalism, classical conservatism, authoritarianism, fascism), extreme ideologies and totalitarianism Role of utopia: and why human nature idea important Ancient vs Modern theory on happiness Plato vs Aristotle: on human nature, rules, ideal order Hobbes vs Locke: on State of Nature, human nature, ideal form of government Into the Wild (film watched in class): Though they can be interpreted in various ways, the exam questions are based on the lecture applying the following concepts to film: o State of nature o happiness o Individual vs group Chapter 2: o Idealism vs Realism o Rules and reason o How does the main character (Alex/Chris) in this film set out to find out what human nature is? Apply specific theorists discussed in class. o What does Chris/Alex think about reason and rules in his adolescent stage? o How does the film explore happiness and the individual vs the group? Apply to specific theorists we have discussed. o Examples of realism/idealism in film. Some basic terms: Nation, State, Nation-state, government Understand the realist theory of how states arise and why they are necessary: nature of power (Morgenthau’s quote), which theorist influences this theory and how Understand how groups seek power and form alliances: and key to successful alliances Group identity: why important, role of conflict in Understand anarchy vs hierarchy and alliance/group formation: examples of anarchy-like situations in real world Relationship between group strength and group identity Types of culture and identity, which considered to cause more conflict Role of conflict between groups Extreme group identity and relationship to violence, genocide, example discussed in class Chapter 3: Understand why (purposes) , how (methods), and what types (regime type like democracy, etc.) of governments seek to control the behavior of the population Understand what revolution is and how revolution is prevented, examples discussed. Understand how different methods of control are used and their limits
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This note was uploaded on 04/26/2011 for the course PSY 110 taught by Professor Campbell during the Spring '08 term at Illinois State.

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POL STUDY GUIDE - Chapter 1 Realism vs idealism Ideologies...

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