man paper nov 11 - Brittney Acevedo Professor Jalajas What...

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Brittney Acevedo Professor Jalajas What is planning? Planning involves defining the organizations goals, establishing strategies for achieving those goals, and developing plans to integrate and coordinate work activities. Planning provides direction to managers and nonmanagers alike. When employees know what their organization or work unit is trying to accomplish and what they must contribute in order to reach goals, they can coordinate their activities, cooperate with each other and do what it takes to accomplish those goals. Planning reduces uncertainty by forcing managers to look ahead, anticipate change, consider the impact of change, and develop appropriate responses. Planning minimizes waste and redundancy. Planning establishes the goals or standards used in controlling. Plans are documents that outline how goals are going to be met. There are eight types of plans: strategic plans, operational plans, long-term plans, short- term plans, specific plans, directional plans, single-use plans and standing plans. Goals are desired outcomes or targets which guide management decisions and form the criteria against which work results are measured. There are two types of goals: stated goals and real goals. Stated goals are official
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