Prison System 1 - Prison System 1 This paper is designed to...

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Prison System 1 This paper is designed to give insight to two different prison systems in America, the state and federal prison systems. Although they both house criminals in their facilities, they house different types of criminals and have different levels of security that they operate under. State Prisons are for individuals who have been convicted of felony or capital state crimes. The state prison system is designed to rehabilitate prisoners in turn that they do no become repeat offenders. This is done by trying to introduce new goals and teach inmates trades that they can use once they are rehabilitated and released. Over the years, the state prison has progressed from different models that have been introduced. The Panopticandesign by Jeremy Bentham was a large prison with a glass top that he argued would provide better lighting and supervision of inmates. A website called best describes the Auburn model as, “The establishment of a second New York state prison at Auburn in 1816 soon led to a new prison model and regime, designed to keep convicts separate and unable to communicate with each other even as they were forced to labor as penal slaves. "Industry, obedience, and silence" were the guiding principles of the new system. One of its chief proponents and rulers was Elam Lynds, who served for many years as warden of Auburn and other prisons. By the early 1820s, the Auburn plan had resulted in the construction of tiny individual cells and workshops as well as a rigid system of enforced silence and harsh punishments. Each entering convict was assigned a prison number, which served as his or her identity. Movement to and from the workshops was performed in a regimented manner, known as the lockstep, which called for prisoners to march in a military-style human chain.” There are six levels of security within the state prison system. There are as followed: Super Maximum,
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  • Spring '11
  • sherman
  • Federal Bureau of prisons, Maximum security prison, prison minimum-security prisons, medium- security prisons

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Prison System 1 - Prison System 1 This paper is designed to...

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