Psychology - Chapter14a...

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Chapter 14a
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Before we can discuss disorders, we have to decide  decide? Possible ideas: Abnormal is… Being different from average  Problem: The average American likes pizza.  You don’t.  Are you abnormal? Being different from the ideal Problem: What is ideal? Who gets to decide? Not being able to function like everyone else Problem: Function at what level? Compared to  whom?
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Abnormal as a sense of personal discomfort   *preferred* Examples:  Your shyness bothers you. You wish you could get  out and meet more people. (abnormal) You’re scared to death of snakes, but it doesn’t  really affect your life. (normal) A guy drinks 4 drinks a night and has no problems  with his family, work, lovelife, or legal problems.  (normal) A guy drinks 4 drinks a night and repeatedly gets  into trouble for coming into work late. His recent poor 
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Medical model  – disorders are a biological  malfunction Psychoanalytic model  – disorders are unconscious  conflicts coming to the surface Cognitive-behavioral model  – disorders are the  result of unhealthy thought and/or behavioral  patterns which were set in by conditioning Humanistic model  – disorders arise from conflicts  between our drive to self-actualize and our need 
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Psychology - Chapter14a...

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