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CSM486_M7 - Module 7 I Defining the substance-using pattern...

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Module 7 I . Defining the substance-using pattern of living: 1. Tolerance: An individual’s capacity to endure or resist the effects of certain drugs - Drug response tends to decrease with repeated doses, and the user increases the amount taken to achieve the same effect. 2. Withdrawal Symptoms: The physical and emotional reactions of a person who has discontinued the use of certain drugs or alcohol to which he or she has become dependent, addicted, or habituated - The individual may experience such reactions as tremor, pain in the digestive system, delirium tremens (DTs), convulsions, fear and panic disorder, acute anxiety, and mood swings. 3. Denial: The defense mechanism that protects the personality from anxiety or guilt by disavowing or ignoring unacceptable thoughts, emotions, or wishes (Emotions and thoughts are hurt, fear, guilt, sadness, embarrassment, and loneliness) 4. Minimize: Lack of honesty about circumstances and situations - Playing down one’s feelings 5. Rationalization: Presenting in logical terms, or interpreting the reasons for, some action or event - A defense mechanism in which a person explains or justifies an action or thought to make it acceptable when it is unacceptable at a deeper psychological level 6. Humor: Taking the focus off the situation and/or person by joking and laughing 7. Silence: Achieving a sense of safety by avoiding emotional and/or psychological risks 8. Rejection: Giving the appearance of control and refusing to accept feedback or to give feedback - The unwillingness to deal with reality 9. Threatening: May associate with blame, anger, attacking, and disconnecting oneself 10. Withdrawal: Exhibiting little or no eye contact, not responding, becoming sick, or leaving the room 11. Tears: Manipulating, representing a need for rescue, or avoiding emotions Do not always trust tears 12. Projecting: A defense mechanism in which one rejects or attributes unacceptable aspects of one’s own personality to another person or entity, such as a parent, a colleague, or the government 13. Blaming: A recurrent pattern of interpersonal communication in which one acts superior, finds fault, behaves dictatorially, and attributes one’s problems to others. The blamer conceals inner feelings of loneliness and failure by making persistent accusations.
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14. Justifying: Using alibis or making excuses to confirm the exhibited behaviors 15. Explaining: To verify or to justify one’s behavior - May function from fear, guilt, anger, or hurt. One may have an inability or unwillingness to deal with emotions. II. Alcoholism in the Workplace
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CSM486_M7 - Module 7 I Defining the substance-using pattern...

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