Psych And Religion

Psych And Religion - PsychAndReligion 19:11...

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Psych And Religion 19:11 Reading assignment: 1 st  piece in the Reader, which can be found in the literary  guillotine.  GO TO BALI  “Religion is a tremendous and fascinating mystery.” The experience of the wholly other- That which is not like you at all is the truly  religious experience. Numinous experience- filled with the sense of the presence  of divinity.  The truly mysterious object is beyond our apprehension and our  comprehension.  Not only because our knowledge has limits because we are finite and human, but  also because we find something numinous in spirituality. Our reaction to this  force is that we recoil in a wonder that strikes us chill and numb. –Otto Mysterium Tremendum et Fascinans. Religion = re ligio = to “relink” in Greek Jung: Darkness and blackness are essential to the art of transformation. The  journey is always about self-knowledge. It can cause a great deal of confusion  and mental darkness. To say that one is  longing for the darkness  is to say that  one is longing for self-transformation.  9/30 This lecture is about a time when you didn’t feel accepted.  Ethno-centrism. It is more an anthropologist word than a psychologist word.  Developed by Sumner: The view of things in which one’s own group is the center  of everything. The group will nourish its own pride and vanity.  The group will look to boast its own superiority. It will always exalt its own  divinities. It will always look with contempt on outsiders. In ethnocentrism, you will find people exaggerating their own customs and  folkways, and put others down.  The concept of an in-group and out-group stems directly from Sumner’s  ethnocentrism.  In-group- virtuous and superior. Out-group is inferior.  Our morals are true, we are the possessors of the truth. 
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There is a tendency to feel mistrust, fear, and even hatred of the out-group.  Tendency to blame the out-group for any and all troubles. . Tendency of obedience towards in-group authority. We don’t question it.  In extreme ethnocentrism, there is a willingness to fight or die for the group.  We are Just as susceptible to prejudice and in-group out-group tendencies today  than we ever were.  Wanting to be in a group is likely part of our physical biology. Brewster: “There are powerful mechanisms in group identification. It’s not unreasonable  to entertain the possibility that natural selection acted on individuals to  enhance their identification with groups.” Abraham Maslow called it a “need for belonging-ness.” Existentialism: Humans have a powerful need for meaning. We are meaning  creating and meaning needing creatures. 
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