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Synopsis 1- Chapter 10

Synopsis 1- Chapter 10 - (based on individuals efforts It...

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Chapter 10 Inequalities: Class and Caste The beginning of this chapter starts out talking about the “American Dream,” which is the idea that self-sufficiency and social success, power and wealth, is possible for all. The idea of life chances are the opportunities that people have to fulfill their potential in society and social mobility is considered a life chance. It then goes on to talk about the two perspectives on social stratification, functionalism, the idea that social stratification serves as a social function by the promise of economic and social rewards for effort motivate people to increase their efforts, and conflict theory, the idea that social stratification causes a constant struggle for goods and services. There are three parts to social stratification: power, wealth, and prestige. Then it goes on to talk about how the differentiation between social stratification systems, closed systems with ascribed status (based on birth) and open systems with achieved status
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Unformatted text preview: (based on individuals efforts). It then talks about a caste system, which is based on birth or ascribed status. In these systems like the one in India, there is no mobility between classes and you must marry into the class you were born into. The example in the book they use is India’s caste system, which has four caste categories related to Hindu religious beliefs, Brahmins (highest rank), Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, and Shudras (lowest). Below all these castes are the untouchables who are thought to be so impure that their touch or shadow can contaminate the purity of higher castes. Rank of castes is based on prestige rather than wealth. A question you could ask yourself: In the Declaration of Independence of the United States, it states, “all men are created equal.” Do you think that in America that everyone has an equal amount of life chances and that the “American Dream” is a realistic goal that all can reach if they work hard enough?...
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