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Unformatted text preview: Economics focus Reading the tea leaves Jan 25th 2007 From The Economist print edition Comparison with China shows India's boom may be less impressive than it seems INDIA has been swept by optimism that its economy can do as well as China's. A recent article in the Economic Times claimed that the growth in India's total factor productivity (TFP), the efficiency with which inputs of both labour and capital are used, had accelerated, whereas China's had slowed owing to wasteful investment. As a result, the article boasted, rising productivitythe main driver of long-run economic growthis now running neck and neck in the two economies. Close inspection of the numbers, however, reveals that China remains well ahead. Both India and China have large populations, low incomes and rapidly rising GDP, yet the composition of their growth has been quite different. A recent paper * by Barry Bosworth and Susan Collins, of the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC, explores the sources of expansion in both countries, breaking down total GDP growth into increases in inputs of labour and capital, and gains in TFP. In the period 1993-2004, China's GDP grew by an average of 9.7% a year, India's by 6.5%. Employment increased faster in India than in China, but this was more than offset by a much slower rise in output per worker: only 4.6% a year, compared with 8.5% in China. This reflected both stronger capital investment in China and much faster growth in TFP, which increased at an annual rate of 4% against India's 2.3% (see left-hand chart). Contrary to the popular an annual rate of 4% against India's 2....
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- Spring '08