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Notes 3.24.11 - Geog 120 Notes 3.24.11 I Sub-Saharan Africa...

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Geog 120 Notes 3.24.11 I. Sub-Saharan Africa a. Two Biggest demographic issues: i. Population ii. Mobility b. Colonialism i. Didn’t follow the same time table in SS Africa as the rest of Africa. ii. Colonizing was met with specific challenges: 1. Disease 2. Lack of access: few harbors/ports, ocean/wind currents push away from the coast iii. Shifts in Power to Europeans due to: 1. Malaria eventually overcome by quinine doses (allowed Europeans to gain power). 2. Europeans had machine guns and that power couldn’t be matched by natives. 3. European goal for colonization: Need for raw materials iv. Tension between nation-states in Europe, who were vying for global political power. 1. This struggle for power was happening in the African continent. 2. Tensions settled in the Berlin Conference. a. In this conference, map of Africa was redrawn without consideration of what was happening on the ground in Africa. b. It was done with what was best for trade/commerce in mind, not what was best for Africans.
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