CaseStudy_AGE - New England College #40 Quezon Ave., Quezon...

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New England College #40 Quezon Ave., Quezon City Clinical Area of Assignment Fe Del Mundo Medical Center Case Presentation On: Acute Gastroenteritis Submitted by: Achondo, Joan Aguillon, Meralona Submitted to: The Faculty of the College of Nursing
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I. INTRODUCTION A. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Acute Gastroenteritis, also known as gastric flu or stomach flu, although unrelated to influenza, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, involving both the stomach and the small intestine and result in acute diarrhea. It can be transferred by contact with contaminated food and water. The inflammation is caused most often by an infection from certain viruses or less often by bacteria, their toxins, parasites, or an adverse reactions to something in the diet or medication. Current death rates have come down significantly to approximately 1.5 million deaths annually in the year 2000, largely due to the global introduction of oral rehydration therapy and is the leading cause of deaths among infants and children under 5. At least 50% of gastroenteritis due to food borne illnesses are caused by nor virus. Another 20% of cases, and the majority of severe cases in children, are due to rotavirus. Other significant viral agents include adenovirus and astrovirus. Different species of bacteria can cause cases of gastroenteritis, including Salmonella, Shigella, Staphylococcus, Campylobacter jejuni, Clostridium, E.coli, Yersinia, Vibrio Cholerae, and others. Some sources of infections are improperly prepared food, reheated meat dishes, seafood, dairy, and bakery products. Each organisms causes slightly different symptoms but all result in diarrhea. Colitis, inflammation of the large intestine, may also be present. Risk factors include consumption of improperly prepared foods, or contaminated water and travel or residence in areas of poor sanitation. It is also common for river swimmers to become infected during times of rain as a result of contaminated runoff water. Reference: B. RATIONALE FOR CHOOSING THE CASE The researchers decided to choose this case because they want to gain knowledge about gastroenteritis. . They wanted to impart knowledge they have learned by promoting awareness to people with insufficient knowledge about the illness, which can make them seek medical care in order to prevent progression of gastroenteritis. The researchers wanted to focus more on preventive measures regarding the disease. C. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This study will help to educate people and enhance the nursing profession skills by providing information and rendering proper care and management of gastroenteritis. It will also be helpful in imparting knowledge to people , especially to those individuals suffering from the disease in order to prevent future occurrence. D. SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
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CaseStudy_AGE - New England College #40 Quezon Ave., Quezon...

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