A. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Acute Gastroenteritis, also known as gastric flu or stomach flu, although
unrelated to influenza, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, involving both the
stomach and the small intestine and result in acute diarrhea. It
can be transferred by
contact with contaminated food and water.
The inflammation is caused most often by
an infection from certain viruses or less often by bacteria, their toxins, parasites, or an
adverse reactions to something in the diet or medication. Current death rates have
come down significantly to approximately 1.5 million deaths annually in the year
largely due to
introduction of oral rehydration therapy and is the
leading cause of deaths among infants and children under 5.
At least 50% of
gastroenteritis due to food borne illnesses are caused by nor virus.
Another 20% of cases, and the majority of severe cases in children, are due to
Other significant viral agents include adenovirus and astrovirus.
Different species of bacteria can cause cases of gastroenteritis, including Salmonella,
Shigella, Staphylococcus, Campylobacter jejuni, Clostridium, E.coli, Yersinia, Vibrio
Cholerae, and others. Some sources of infections are improperly prepared food,
reheated meat dishes, seafood, dairy, and bakery products.
Each organisms causes
slightly different symptoms but all result in diarrhea. Colitis, inflammation of the large
intestine, may also be present.
Risk factors include consumption of improperly
prepared foods, or contaminated
water and travel or residence in areas of poor sanitation.
It is also common for river
swimmers to become infected during times of rain as a result of contaminated runoff
RATIONALE FOR CHOOSING THE CASE
The researchers decided to choose this case because they want to gain knowledge
. They wanted to impart knowledge
they have learned by
promoting awareness to people with insufficient knowledge
about the illness, which
can make them seek medical care in order to prevent progression of gastroenteritis.
The researchers wanted to focus more on preventive measures regarding the disease.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study will help to educate people and enhance the nursing profession skills by
providing information and rendering proper care and management of gastroenteritis.
It will also be helpful in imparting knowledge to people , especially to those individuals
suffering from the disease in order to prevent future occurrence.
D. SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY