Exam III Review govt - Exam III Review Civil Liberties- not...

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Exam III Review Civil Liberties - not absolute (bill of rights). Those personal freedoms that are protected for all individuals. Civil liberties typically involve restraining the government's actions against individuals. Role of bill of rights. .. what is the bill of rights? when were they ratified? A bill of rights is composed of provisions protecting individual liberties, such as free speech, the right to assemble, and the free exercise of religion, and protecting an accused in a criminal prosecution by ensuring, for example, the accused an impartial jury and the right to confront witnesses. You have the right to be protected/The Bill of Rights is a series of limitations on the power of the United States Federal government, protecting the natural rights of liberty and property including freedom of speech, a free press, free assembly, and free association. Were added as a group 4 yrs after the constitution. In 1971 They are the first ten amendments to the state constitution applied only to national not to state, were not protected at state level. Incorporation Theory - the view that most of the protections of the Bill of Rights apply to state governments through the Fourteenth Amendment's due process clause. Barron Vs. Baltimore- in 1833 was a case over civil liberties that was not applied to states. Established a precedent on whether the United States Bill of Rights could be applied to state governments. The case was particularly important in terms of American government because it stated that the freedoms guaranteed by the Bill of Rights did not restrict the state governments. Gitlow V New York - (1925) freedom of speech held that the fourteenth amendment protected the freedom of speech guaranteed by the 1st amendment to the const. (there was no question that fourteenth amendment applied to state govt. for decades however the courts were reluctant to define the liberties spelled out in the national bill of rights as constituting "due process of law", which protected under the 14th amendment.) was a decision by the United States Supreme Court, which ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution had extended the reach of certain provisions of the First Amendment—specifically the provisions protecting freedom of speech and freedom of the press—to the governments of the individual states. What does the first amendment cover? The amendment prohibits the making of any law "respecting an establishment of religion", impeding the free exercise of religion, infringing on the freedom of speech, infringing on the freedom of the press, interfering with the right to peaceably assemble or prohibiting the petitioning for a governmental redress of grievances. The Establishment Clause of the First Amendment has been interpreted by the Supreme Court as erecting a separation of church and state. [1]
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Exam III Review govt - Exam III Review Civil Liberties- not...

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