Exam IV reveiwn govt - Define the term "public...

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Define the term "public policy"- can be generally defined as the course of action (or inaction) taken by the state with regard to a particular issue Describe and Identify the steps in the Policy Process- 1. Agenda building- first the issue must get on the agenda, congress must become aware that an issue requires congressional action. 2. Policy Formulation- various policy proposals are discussed among gov't officials and public. 3. Policy Adoption- choosing a specific policy from among the proposals that have been discussed. 4. Policy Implementation- involves the implementation of the policy alternative chosen by congress. 5. Policy Evaluation- it is evaluated groups inside and outside the gov't conduct studies to determine what actually happens after a policy has been in place for a given period of time. Discuss the origin of most U.S. welfare programs- Welfare in the United States commonly refers to the federal government welfare programs that have been put in place to assist the unemployed or underemployed. Help is extended to the poor through a variety of government welfare programs that include Medicaid, the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program, and Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). Throughout the 1800's welfare history continued when there were attempts to reform how the government dealt with the poor. Some changes tried to help the poor move to work rather than continuing to need assistance. Social casework, consisting of caseworkers visiting the poor and training them in morals and a work ethic was advocated by reformers in the 1880s and 1890s. Prior to the Great Depression, the United States Congress supported various programs to assist the poor. One of these, a Civil War Pension Program was passed in 1862 and provided aid to Civil War Veterans and their families. Discuss FDR and the New Deal- (Most of our major federal social welfare programs were developed in the 1930's as part of the New Deal's response to the Great Depression). When the Great Depression hit, many families suffered. It is estimated that one-fourth of the labor force was unemployed during the worst part of the depression. With many families suffering financial difficulties, the government stepped in to solve the problem and that is where the history of welfare as we know it really began. Under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Social Security Act was enacted in 1935. The act, which was amended in 1939, established a number of programs designed to provide aid to various
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segments of the population. Unemployment compensation and AFDC (originally Aid to Dependent Children) are two of the programs that still exist today. Identify and discuss the major social welfare programs Identify the programs in which the most people participate- Medicaid and Social Security Differentiate between Medicare and Medicaid and explain why Medicaid expenses have risen so much- Medicare- a federal health- insurance program that covers U.S. residents older than age 65. The
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This note was uploaded on 04/26/2011 for the course GOVERNMENT 73606 taught by Professor Davidgrene during the Spring '09 term at University of Houston - Downtown.

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Exam IV reveiwn govt - Define the term "public...

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