Plants vs. Animals

Plants vs. Animals - covering on the cell membrane and give...

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The five similarities between plant cells and animal cells are cell membrane, mitochondria, defined nucleus, Golgi complex, and eukaryotic cells. These similarities are found in both of these types of cells. The cell membrane is what holds the cells together, keeping everything inside (Pruitt and Underwood, p.101, 2006). The mitochondria have multiple folds within the structure that fold over again and again to make more surface area where energy- producing reactions occur. The defined nucleus acts as the brain of the cell. The Golgi complex serves as the “trash can” of the cells, gathering up the waste and getting it ready to leave the cells. Both plant and animal cells are made from eukaryotic cells, which is the reason that they both have similar organelles. There are some major differences between plant and animal cells, however. Plant cells have extra organelles such as cell wall, chloroplast, and vacuoles. The cells wall act as extra
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Unformatted text preview: covering on the cell membrane and give the plant cells a ridged look. The chloroplast is where the photosynthetic process takes place, converting sun light into food, so to speak. Whereas the mitochondria where a different type of energy (food) in processed-have multiple layers to give more surface space, the chloroplast only has two internal membranes that are smooth. The membranes are wrapped by one more membrane and there is cellulose in between. Plants also have vacuoles, which are used by it to store water. All of these extra organelles are here partly because of the photosynthetic process. In my opinion, this is the main difference between animal and plant cells. References: Pruitt, N. L., & Underwood, L. S. (2006). Bioinquiry: Making connections in biology (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc....
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This note was uploaded on 04/26/2011 for the course SCI 125 taught by Professor Basic during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Plants vs. Animals - covering on the cell membrane and give...

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