Key Events in the History of Environmentalism

Key Events in the History of Environmentalism - Key Events...

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Key Events in the History of Environmentalism 1798 Thomas Robert Malthus publishes still classic book An Essay on the Principle of Population . 1839 Charles Robert Darwin publishes Voyage of the Beagle . 1844 Ralph Waldo Emerson publishes his famous essay on Nature . 1850 The industrial revolution begins around this time. 1854 Henry David Thoreau publishes Walden. 1864 George Perkins Marsh publishes his benchmark treatise on human environmental impact called Man and Nature: Or, Physical Geography as Modified by Human Action. 1866 The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals is established. 1886 New York Audubon Society is founded. 1892 Sierra Club founded by John Muir. 1894 John Muir publishes The Mountains of California. 1900 The first cars appear. By 1998 the number of cars exceed 500 million. Each car produces two tons of carbon dioxide annually. 1911 Anna Botsford Comstock publishes Handbook of Nature Study. 1919 National Parks and Conservation Association formed. 1923 Izaak Waltoin League founded. Organization fights dredging of the Mississippi River through a lobbying initiative in Washington, D.C. 1924 Oil Pollution Act passed in the U.S.A. 1926 The first large scale survey of air pollution in the U.S.A. is conducted in Salt Lake City, Utah.
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1928 St. Francis Dam breaks in Los Angeles, California, killing over 500 people. 1929 In the U.S.A. over 100 wildlife sanctuaries consolidated under federal protection by the Norbeck-Anderson Act. 1933 The Civilian Conservation Corps formed in the U.S.A. More than 2.5 million people serve until the program ends in 1942. 1935 The Wilderness Society is founded by Aldo Leopold and Arthur Carhardt. 1936 The National Wildlife Federation is established. 1937 The term “greenhouse effect” is coined by Glen Thomas Trewartha , a geographer at the University of Wisconsin. The Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act (or Pittman-Robertson Act) passes in the U.S. Congress. 1949 Aldo Leopold publishes A Sand County Almanac which contains his famous Land Ethic. 1951 The Nature Conservancy is established. 1958 Kenneth Galbraith publishes The Affluent Society. 1961 The World Wildlife Fund is established. 1962 Marine biologist Rachel Carson publishes Silent Spring drawing attention to the environmental and health threats of toxic chemicals. 1967 The Torrey Canyon oil tanker runs aground and spills 117,000 tons of oil into the North Sea near Cornwall in the United Kingdom. Formation of the Environmental Defense Fund. 1968 Paul Ehrlich publishes The Population Bomb analyzing the environmental impact of an exploding human population. Zero Population Growth organization is established.
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1969 A major oil spill from a tanker occurs near Santa Barbara, California. Chemical wastes in the Cuyaoga River fuel its burst into flames.
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Key Events in the History of Environmentalism - Key Events...

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