CULTURAL MATERIALISM AS A RESEARCH STRATEGY

CULTURAL MATERIALISM AS A RESEARCH STRATEGY - CULTURAL...

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CULTURAL MATERIALISM AS A RESEARCH STRATEGY * CULTURE Culture is the socially conditioned repertories of activities and thoughts that are associated with particular social groupings or populations (63). AIM The aim of scientific research is to formulate explanatory theories which are: (1) predictive (or retroactive), (2) testable (or falsifiable), (3) parsimonious, (4) of broad scope, and (5) integratable or cumulative with a coherent and expanding corpus of theories. SCIENCE Scientific theories are held as tentative approximations, never as "facts" (64). Science is the best system yet devised for reducing subjective bias, error, untruths, lies, and frauds (65). Science is by definition a generalizing form of knowledge (66). EPISTEMOLOGY The epistemological principles for the study of sociocultural systems are: (1) the separation of mental events (thoughts) from behavior (actions of body parts and their environmental effects) and (2) the separation of emic from etic views of thoughts and behavior. EMIC/ETIC Observers have the option of describing both kinds of events in terms of categories that are defined, identified, and validated by the community of participants (emics) or by the community of
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2011 for the course ANTH 444 taught by Professor Sponsel during the Spring '11 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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CULTURAL MATERIALISM AS A RESEARCH STRATEGY - CULTURAL...

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