THE CONCEPT OF CULTURE - THE CONCEPT OF CULTURE Tylor's...

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THE CONCEPT OF CULTURE Tylor's Classic Definition For more than a century culture has been the pivotal concept in cultural anthropology, especially in North America. However, it was the pioneer British anthropologist, Edward B. Tylor (1832- 1917), who first defined culture in an anthropological sense at the beginning of his 1871 book Primitive Culture as: "... that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society." Commentary The essential elements of Tylor's classic definition may be elucidated by rephrasing it in contemporary language: Culture is a complex and dynamic system of habitual ideas, actions, and their material products which is socially patterned and learned as well as customarily shared by the members of a human society. In the above sense, culture in general is an attribute of the human species (Homo sapiens); that is, of all normal human beings and societies. However, at another level, that of population, each
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THE CONCEPT OF CULTURE - THE CONCEPT OF CULTURE Tylor's...

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