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Unformatted text preview: John Keegan, 1993, A History of Warfare, New York, NY: Vintage. CULTURE Violence and war are usually more an expression of culture than politics or result of circumstances. (The American War of Independence from England was the first truly political war). Some societies developed military subcultures (British) or military cultures (Huns, Spartans, Romans, Turks, Mongols, Vikings. Cossaks). There are also different cultural styles of warfare and the military (Samurai in Japan, Zulu of southern Africa, Aztecs of central Mexico). Cultural differences may contribute to conflict and war (Christians and Muslims in Crusades). However, if war is a product of culture, then it may be abolished or superseded as a resort for resolving conflicts. For instance, the Romans engaged in almost five centuries of continuous war-making, whereas the ancient Egyptians had some 1,400 years of peace. Continental Europe was mostly peaceful throughout the 19th century (1815-1914). Also many warrior cultures have Europe was mostly peaceful throughout the 19th century (1815-1914)....
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- Spring '10
- Armed forces, Centuries