Ultimate Security - Myers Norman 1996 Ultimate Security The...

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Myers, Norman, 1996, Ultimate Security: The Environmental Basis of Political Stability , Washington, D.C.: Island Press. ORGANIZATION This book builds on previous monographs (e.g., The Primary Source about tropical forests and deforestation) and edited books (especially Gaia: An Atlas of Planet Management). It is organized around an Introduction (Chs. 1-2) which present the basic argument, a set of regional (Chs. 3-9) and global (Chs. 10-14) examples as case studies to illustrate and substantiate the argument, and a concluding section, "The New Security," with recommendations for policy and action from the government to the individual levels (Chs. 15-17). The regional examples are the Middle East, Ethiopia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Philippines, Indian subcontinent, El Salvador, and Mexico. The global examples are population, ozone depletion and global warming, mass extinction of species, environmental refugees, and the synergistic connection. ARGUMENT The argument is abstracted in the title of the book--- environmental degradation (including natural resource depletion) is the basis of growing political instability including conflict (e.g., water scarcity in the Middle East, p. x). Ultimate security must rest on a society that is sustainable socially and politically as well as economically, and that in turn means the practical recognition that the world is a single ecological community [Gaia] in which the national and political boundaries of some 200 countries are transcended by environmental problems and corresponding solutions. [In 1992 there were some 30 conflicts in the world, many related at least in part to resources and environmental degradation (218)]. SECURITY The biggest threat to the security of nations and the international community is non-military, that is, environmental problems (e.g., global warming), and the response must be in large part non-military, including investing more money in the environment and less in the military. [Also thesis stated on p. 226]. The environmental threat is now larger than that of nuclear warfare during the Cold War era. Much of the violence and warfare throughout the world is in part a result of environmental factors (degradation or access to resources), such as in parts of Africa like the Sudan, Chad, Angola, Mozambique (10), Algeria, and the Congo (21). LINKAGE
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2011 for the course PACE 345 taught by Professor Brucebarnes during the Spring '10 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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Ultimate Security - Myers Norman 1996 Ultimate Security The...

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