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War, Resources, Environment - (e.g oil in the Gulf War 6...

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War, Resources, and Environment MAIN POINTS 1. The environment (e.g., terrain) may not only shape war, but also war may shape the environment (e.g. scorched earth tactics like burning oil wells in Kuwait). 2. Uneven and ineqitable distributions of natural resources have been a factor in many conflicts throughout prehistory and history. 3. Furthermore, increasing resource depletion and environmental degradation may contribute to economic competition and political struggles which can become violent as demonstrated by the location and conditions of many of the world's "hot spots." 4. Also neomalthusians argue that increasing population and growing scarcities of renewable resources will increasingly feed sociopolitical instability and violent conflicts during the next century, unless more sustainable and equitable economies and societies are developed along with population stability. 5. Security at the regional, national, international, and global levels must encompass environmental and resource as well as economic and political considerations and these must be factored into foreign policy
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Unformatted text preview: (e.g., oil in the Gulf War),. 6. Environmental problems and crises are not always isomorphic with national boundaries, but may contribute to either conflicts or cooperation between states, depending on the specific circumstances. 7. A nuclear war would not only impact on ecosystems in the immediate region, but have global consequences on the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere. QUESTIONS 1. How does the environment effect war? 2. How does war effect the environment? 3. What is the relationship between violence and war on the one hand, and on the other factors such as the unequal and inequitable distributions of resources, the depletion of resources and degradation of environments, and growing levels of population and consumption? 4. How has security usually been defined and why is the environment increasingly being recognized as a relevant factor? 5. What would be the short- , middle- and long-term environmental consequences of nuclear war locally, regionally, and globally?...
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