Lesson4MaterialCulture - 9/29/10 Studying Material Culture...

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9/29/10 1 Studying Material Culture (Archaeology) artifacts • things made or modified by people • usually portable, as opposed to features (non-portable things such as stains in the ground or buildings) • different from ecofacts - natural items used by people, such as the many shells left in shell (garbage) piles Would these coprolites be considered artifacts?
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9/29/10 2 Anthropology in the News… Goals of Archaeology 1. finding out what happened 2. determining how & why things happened 3. trying to achieve the view of the past people as to why and how they did things, what was significant to them: emic archaeology 4. reconstructing and interpreting the past, especially in terms of practical applications 5. preserving the evidence of the past for the benefit of all Some Kinds of Archaeology Historical Ethnographic Forensic Experimental
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9/29/10 3 Historical Archaeology • studies material remains… • for societies that also left behind documentary evidence • tells the story of the emergency and transformation of the modern world The Springer family lived in New Castle, DE, 200 years ago. Has learn about their society from the artifacts left behind. (from ht p:/ americanhistory.si.edu/kids/springer/) Ethnographic Archaeology • interpret archaeological data… • through observation of contemporary analogous cultures EAs might learn something about ancient foragers by learning about contemporary foragers, such as the !kung San of the Kalahari. (from ht p:/ en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Cultural_Anthropology/Introduction Forensic Archaeology • assesses time and cause of death • identifies remains • applies principles & practices of archaeology in a medico-legal context For example, they investigate mass graves, usually as part of an international organisation's investigation (e.g., The UN) where
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2011 for the course ANTH 150 taught by Professor Pietrusewsky during the Fall '10 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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Lesson4MaterialCulture - 9/29/10 Studying Material Culture...

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