Lesson12Religion - Keeping Order In Society Religion and...

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1 Keeping Order In Society Religion and Legal Systems (but mostly religion) Religion • Supernaturalism (knowledge/beliefs having to do with the non-natural world) • Universal cultural construct • Has numerous functions in a culture woman shaman of the Clayoquot tribe from Vancouver Island [photo by Edward S. Curtis, early 20th century] Religion has many functions • To explain and educate • To discipline • To reduce anxiety • To create unity, support, cooperation Koran
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2 Early anthropologists (such as E. B. Tylor) held ethnocentric views of early religious practices: • that “primitives” misunderstood that dreams were real • that early humans were irrational. The earliest supernatural ideas were possibly about… • sleep • dreams • death Evidence of early supernatural thought… at least 100,000 years ago Upper Paleolithic cave art (Carbon isotope analysis of charcoal used in pictures of horses at Chauvet, south-central France, show that they are 30,000 years old) Neanderthal burials (this individual from the Tabun site in Israel is estimated to be from 122,000 ya)
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3 What do you believe happens after we die? Religious believers frequently physically differentiate themselves from others …and even surgically… …in dress or appearance For example, women’s body coverings sometimes indicate religious identity…
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4 Who is this? How do you know?
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Lesson12Religion - Keeping Order In Society Religion and...

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