bugsandpeoplestudyguide

bugsandpeoplestudyguide - Spring 2011 Study Questions for...

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Spring 2011 Study Questions for Exam 1. These come ONLY from your text readings. Additional questions will come from syllabus readings, lecture notes and any outside required readings. Chapter 1: What is classification? Arrangement of things into groups sharing certain specified similarities What was the Historia Animalium ? One of the earliest attempts to classify insects by Aristotle What was the original definition of “bug”? Something difficult to see and vaguely unpleasant (pg 3) What did Bartholomaeus Anglicus do of importance? Complied 19 volumes of natural history named De Proprietatibus Rerum in 1230. Intended as a complete description of the universe. Who was Linnaeus and what did he do of importance? Scientist that developed a book called System Naturae in which a binomial system was used consistently for the first time What is the binomial system of nomenclature? A two name system that includes genus and species (pg 4,5,6) What do taxonomists do? Name, classify, and identify organisms What types of organisms are in the Myriapoda? Diplopods and chilopods grouped into one super group. Lots of legs like centipedes and millipedes What is the dominant life form on Earth? The class Insecta What does the word Siphonaptera literally mean? Wingless tube What type insect is in it? A flea What do millipedes ooze when they are threatened? Noxious substances such as hydrogen cyanide What is the primary way in which Mandibulates and Chelicerates differ? Mandibulates- mandibles 0-hundreds of legs. Chelicerates- 4-6 legs. Chapter 2: Most of the problems insects faced can be traced back to what? Surface area/volume ratio What is an exoskeleton? External skeleton What is a cuticle? Body wall that makes up the exoskeleton (outer covering) What is an arthropod? Jointed foot What is the biggest drawback of having an exoskeleton? It cannot grow along with the organism and must be shed What does e kdysis mean? Getting out What is a spiracle? Small opening on the body of an insect through which it breathes Where did insect wings come from? Airfoils (simple extensions of the cuticle from the
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bugsandpeoplestudyguide - Spring 2011 Study Questions for...

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